Sunday, March 15, 2009

non projected visuals

Leon M Peterson
Edu 1141-91
Chapter 8
Non Projected Visuals

Learning Centers
Advantages- are more of a one on one learning tool. Students work toward there own goals. Learning centers relieve the stressors’ of classroom environments. They allow for the student to participate in all learning situations, unlike classroom instruction where some students may feel overwhelmed and choose not to interact.
Limitations- of learning centers are the amount of cost and area they take up. Every center has they’re own teachers, area of the school, and supplies which cost money. Learning centers work with the help of the students if the students choose not to do the work they would be a drain on the schools budget. Students must be responsible for their work for a learning center to work.
Integration- from remedial learning centers that work with students on basic skills and additional practice on those skills in a different way. Learning centers can also be for the gifted students that looking for further advancement or interest in school subjects.

Instructional Modules
Advantages- Students are learning at their own speed they can be tested for the content and start a new module. Modules have everything for the student to learn and use not unlike an on line class where the student has all the content right there.
Limitations- Modules are one visual tool and sometimes can be used in the wrong text or at the wrong time. Quality can be an issue when investing in modules. When using modules you have a tendency to loose your flexibility between students learning styles. Also a limitation would be the lack of integration of the module into your curriculum.
Integration- since modules can be a self pace learning tool the teacher has to make sure they follow up on the module. Testing or discussions through out the module makes for certainty that students are learning.

Manipulative
Advantages- Real objects, students can touch them, smell, hear, view, open, disassemble, and reassemble them with all senses of their bodies. These objects keep the attention of the students, there interest in the project maybe stronger with theses manipulators.
Limitations- Cost of the objects, storage of the objects and many have a shelf life in which costs become even higher because we have to supply more of them.
Integration- Students love to use all their senses to learn. It’s finding the right manipulators to use to grasp their interest but not become a distraction.

Printed Materials
Advantages- They are very inexpensive, readily available for any topic. Printed materials are very flexible to use in many different ways. Students can bring them home very easily.
Limitation- Printed materials are set at a specific reading level that some students do not possess. Teachers want students to memorize facts and figures and makes printed materials just a memorization aids. Printed material tends to have one way communication rather than interaction among students and teachers.
Integration- We use printed materials in everything we do, instructions for tests, reading assignments, books, magazines, and papers. One of the most common ways of learning.

Display Surfaces
Advantages- Display surfaces are ways for students to display art work, understand teacher’s thoughts and examples of problems interact with the teacher and other students. Participate in classroom discussions by writing or solving problems. Display surfaces can be instructional, motivational and decorative.
Limitation- There maybe only so much surface to use in the classroom to display art work or use for instruction. Special needs students may not be able to see or interact with others in this learning environment.
Integration- Teachers and students use every available surface to learn and display work and brain storm ideas. The use of display surfaces have been used for ever we now have new ways to use them like computers and new software for specific functions.

Exhibits
Advantages- Exhibits use many different visuals that we talked about earlier to make an exhibit. Students tend to keep their focus attention when constructing exhibits or going to exhibits such as field trips to museums or the outdoors for scientific research or using materials inside the classroom to make an exhibit for a class project.
Limitations- not every student has the money or resources to make exhibits or displays or money for field trips so the chance for exclusion is hire.
Integration- Works for any subject to make an exhibit or display. Field trips keep students attention but cost money. The chance to use an exhibit for more than one topic helps in lowering the cost for displays.

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